B. Social Insurance
(1)The purpose of social insurance
lies in protecting all citizens, as results of old age, illness, death, mental
or physical disability, and pregnancy and childbirth, and employees, as results
of occupational accident, unemployment, and retirement, from personal and
family financial crises. Accordingly, the system should cover occupational
accident, health, pension, employment and long-term care insurances.
(2)Social insurance should take
into consideration the income security of both individuals and families and the
effect of income redistribution for the various population groups and
(3)Social insurance should provide
premium subsidies for economically disadvantaged individuals in accordance with
principles of equity and justice, and the adequacy of payment should be
considered to sustain the economic security of the insured.
insurance payments, if gaps in payment level, income replacement rate and
eligibility resulted as consequences of different occupation categories and
income levels, the government should work to reduce them actively.
(5)In designing the retirement and
old-age payment of social insurance, the principles of pension and portable
seniority should take precedence.
(6)The designing of the social
insurance finance has to face seriously the crises that may result from changes
in population structure, so that premium rates, payment levels, the payment
system, income replacement rates, and administrative costs must be taken into
consideration and should all be fully and accurately assessed to meet financial
soundness and inter-generational equity and justice.
(7)To strengthen the financial
stability of the various types of social insurance, social insurance premium
rates should couple revenues and expenditures according to actuarial results to
avoid the influencing of premium rate adjustment as consequences of
interference yielded by political and economic factors in the environment.
C. Welfare Services
(1)On health, care, protection,
education, employment, social participation, and development-related demands of
citizens that are results of socio-demographic characteristics, such as age,
gender, mental/physical status, race, religion, marriage, and sexual
inclination, the government should join forces with families and the private
sector to facilitate their sound developments, both mentally and physically, by
providing suitable services.
(2)The government should set up
reciprocal agreements with other countries to protect the rights of R.O.C.
nationals who live abroad for reasons of marriage, work, study, and travel.
(3)The government should provide
proper treatment and assistance to foreigners who are living in the country for
reasons of marriage, work, study, and travel.
(4)To improve their quality of
living, the government should provide economically disadvantaged children,
juveniles, persons with disabilities, elderlies, women, indigenous people, and
immigrant and single parent families with appropriate assistance.
(5)The government’s providing of
various health and welfare services should be planned on the basis of
accessibility, continuity, clear definition of rights and responsibilities,
affordability, and the sufficing of whole-person needs.
(6)The government and the private
sector should join forces to build an environment favorable for children and
juveniles to develop healthily. If and when families or carers of children and
juveniles require economic, social and psychological supports or have health,
medical and other family functions-related needs, the government should provide
assistance. When the biological family of a child or a juvenile is unfavorable
for his/her sound development, the government should protect and provide appropriate
care or placement resources for him/her to grow up healthily.
(7)The government should integrate
departments in charge of social welfare, health, and education in providing
services for early intervention of children.
(8)The government should establish
a complete service system for the education and care of children, should
fulfill the integration of childcare, preschool education and schoolchildren
after-school services and should ensure that children and juveniles growing up
in unfavorable conditions in terms of economy, culture, region, and ethnic
development are getting opportunities for equal, universal, and high-quality
care and supports.
(9)The government should work with
the private sector in helping children and juveniles building up self-esteem,
fostering a sense of belonging in their communities, loving life, coping with
stress in life, learning to be independent and autonomous, participating in
public affairs and developing potentials.
(10)The government should actively
promote indiscriminative and barrier-free community living environment,
allowing people with disabilities to develop in a dignified, humanized
environment and being given adequate opportunities for social participation and
for realizing their potentials.
(11)The government should protect
the rights of people with disabilities to get education, employment, residence,
and medical care, enabling them to make smooth transitions, and should
incorporate the resources of private sector to provide them with support
services, economic security, and personal and property protection.
(12)The government and the private
sector should integrate social welfare, health and medical, education and other
related resources to create a senior-friendly environment, safeguarding the
dignity, autonomy, well-being, and safety of elderlies.
(13)The government should join
forces with the private sector to promote active aging, to encourage elderlies
to participate in the society, to provide education and learning opportunities,
to increase the ability to adopt and make adjustment in life and to enrich the
life in old age. The government is to strengthen inter-generational
interaction, to advocate family values, to encourage generational transmittal,
and to build a senior-friendly, age-integrated society.
(14)The government should center
on home- and community-based services and assist with institution-based
services in taking care of seniors and the disabled.
(15)The government should
incorporate private resources in providing family support services and
measures, in enhancing the caring capacity of a family and the educational
function of a parent, in relieving a family’s caring and parenting pressures
and in preventing and solving family problems.
(16)The government should
demonstrate gender awareness when implementing welfare services and measures
and should carry out impact assessments prior to drawing up policies in order
to ensure gender equality and to eliminate gender discrimination.
(17)The government should
reinforce the integration of and the coordination and collaboration among
judicial, police, social affairs, health, education, labor and house
registration systems, constructing a safety network against gender violence,
perfecting the laws on the protection of personal safety of the general public,
tightening the restraining and the controlling of offenders, strengthening the
protection of victims and ensuring personal safety, dignity and rights of
(18)On the distinctiveness in
geographical environment, culture and language in aboriginal areas, the
government should actively integrate social welfare, education, and health and
medical departments, should set up region-adjusted welfare services and
measures, should enhance the efficiency in delivering welfare services and should
reduce the discrepancy in the distribution of welfare resources between urban
and rural areas, building an equal and just society that respects cultural
differences and ensures the well-being of aboriginals.
(19)The government should respect
servicemen’s contribution to the country and the society and should provide
assistance and relief to help improving the quality of living of
underprivileged veterans and their families and surviving family members.
(20)The government and the private
sector should reinforce social work manpower with proper allocation and
utilization, should establish the mechanisms for the training of social work
manpower, classified and tiered salary standards, and safeguard measures
concerning social workers in protective services, should strengthen the
fostering of international social work talent, raising the quality of
professional services, and should perfect the professional system in social
D. Health and Medical Care
(1)The government should focus on
facilitating and guarding the health of citizens, actively implementing
programs that care for and maintain the health of disadvantaged citizens, to
shorten the health gap among citizens and to build a supportive,
(2)The government should
strengthen the coordination and collaboration among health, social affairs,
labor, environment, education, and transportation departments, should create
supportive social environment, should build LOHAS communities and healthy
cities, schools and workplace, should develop healthy lifestyles among
citizens, should reinforce the monitoring of health statuses of citizens and of
influencing factors and should enhance illness prevention and care.
(3)The government should reinforce
the country’s disease control and prevention, should stock up goods and
materials for disease control and prevention, should enhance response
capabilities against the spread of diseases and should continue to push forward
measures on infectious disease prevention, relieving citizens from the threats
(4)The government should further
reasonable allocation of medical resources, should establish integrated,
continuous models of care, should build patient-centered environment for
patient safety and should incorporate information technologies to practice
smart medical care, ensuring the quality and the efficiency of medical services
(5)The government should construct
the system for food and drug administration, carrying out the management of
sources, the protection of consumers, and the control of risks, and should link
up with international food and drug safety information and review mechanisms.
(6)The government should continue
to push forward the NHI reform, ensuring the sustainable operations of the NHI,
removing obstacles hindering disadvantaged groups from getting medical
treatment, introducing measures that facilitate the health of citizens and
improve the quality of medical services and strengthening the transparency of
(7)The government should perfect
the long-term care system, strengthening the manpower and resources in
long-term care, should reinforce the service delivery system, enhancing the
quality of services and reducing the gap between urban and rural areas, and
should actively push forward related legislative works.
(8)The government should continue
to develop researches on medicine and health-related technology and should
facilitate international technology exchange and cooperation to advance the
level of biomedical technology and to develop the biomedical technology
(9)The government should
enthusiastically participate in activities and conferences of international
health and welfare organizations and should actively conduct international
bilateral/multilateral cooperation, aid and interaction in health and welfare.
(10)To boost the quality of health
manpower and to strengthen the training of international medical and health
talent, the government should extensively cultivate health manpower, conducting
education and training and advanced studies.
(11)The government should continue
to reinforce the medical and health sector’s efficacy of response regarding
disaster prevention and rescue, further conducting preparedness and
management-related matters concerning stages of disaster response, such as
emergency medical services, mental health, and epidemic prevention and
(12)The government should
safeguard the psychological health of citizens, actively implementing services
facilitative to citizens’ psychological health for prevention of suicide,
establishing and reinforcing networks on mental health and medical services,
community mental health, and mental care, setting up a prevention system
against substance abuse and strengthening the efficacy of medical treatment of
domestic violence and sexual assault offenders.
E. Employment Security
(1)The government should reinforce
social protection of labor, enabling adequate employment and fair participation
in economic and social activities, ensuring indiscriminative right to work and
improving labor welfare.
(2)The government should join
forces with the private sector to augment the coordination and cooperation
among departments in charge of education, justice, and social, labor,
indigenous and economic affairs, to establish the system on employment security
and to strengthen the connection among education, occupational training,
industry development, and the demand for talent, enhancing the effectiveness of
human capital investment.
(3)The government should actively
encourage the hiring of native workers by employers to safeguard the employment
opportunity of citizens, prohibiting the import of foreign workers except for
complementing the country’s deficiencies in labor force, and should actively
create diverse work opportunities to promote the employment of citizens.
(4)To facilitate citizen
participation in the labor market, the government should integrate unemployment
benefits, occupational training and employment service systems, should perfect
employment and career change counseling, should keep smooth channels for
employment information and should promote employment matching.
(5)The government should safeguard
labor standards applying to workers, ensuring employment security, and at the
same time, should promote adequate employment and protect labor rights of
workers in responding to the trends in flexible labor market.
(6)The government should encourage
organizations to conduct occupational trainings needed for operational
developments and to provide on-the-job studying and training opportunities to
increase the competitiveness of current workers in the workplace, achieving a
reinforcing effect on precautionary unemployment.
(7)The government should actively
assist workers in utilizing available resources, such as employment services,
occupational training, skills certification, and subsidiary measures,
increasing their vocational competence and income, to help workers escape the
(8)The government should
effectively integrate social resources, actively putting effort into the work
of occupational safety and health, to create a working environment that is free
of occupational hazard for workers, and the government is to provide workers
who have suffered occupational accidents with necessary assistance, such as for
social rehabilitation, occupational rehabilitation, and vocational
(9)The government should actively
develop and utilize employment facilitation instruments, strengthening work
capabilities of disadvantaged employment groups and the long-term unemployed to
help them find jobs, to safeguard their economic and living security and to
reduce the risks in job transition.
(10)Regarding cultural features of
indigenous peoples, the government should specifically implement occupational
trainings, employment services, and employment and entrepreneurial
opportunities that conform to their respective ethnic characteristics.
(11)The government should
integrate social resources and industry transformations, should reinforce
employment counseling of veterans, providing appropriate assistance for the
training of professional skills following their discharges from the military,
and should establish referral and matching mechanisms to enhance workplace
competence and to expand and diversify employment channels.
F. Housing Justice and Community
(1)To ensure suitable housing for
citizens, the government should provide appropriate assistance to families or
individuals with housing needs, including the providing of mortgage, rental and
(2)The government should join
forces with the private sector, encouraging the private sector’s participation
in operating for-rent-only social housings through a variety of preferences.
Besides providing an appropriate proportion of such social housings for rent by
persons in special circumstances or of particular statuses, the government is
also to rent them to youth working or studying away from home.
(3)For communities where social
housings are located, the government should ensure convenient supportive
systems, including transportation, information, and social services, to better
satisfy the needs of residents in all aspects of life.
housings should reserve sufficient spaces for welfare services or community
(5)On housing damage caused by
major disasters, the government should have proper plans for community and
(6)The government should encourage
community residents to participate in community development, to activate
community organizations and to utilize local resources, building a vigorous,
autonomous, sustainable civil society.
(7)The government should integrate
resources of travel and tourism, commerce, agriculture and fishery, culture
industry, environmental protection, urban/rural development, culture heritage,
education, health, and social welfare to promote sustainable development of
(8)The government should preserve
rural culture and improve the living, production and ecological environments of
(9)The government should combine
cultural and ecological features of indigenous tribes, implementing “new tribe
comprehensive community building” projects.