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【名稱】


《美國臺灣關係法》

(TAIWAN RELATIONS ACT)

【生效日期】1979年1月1日

【內容】
  本法乃為協助維持西太平洋之和平、安全與穩定,並授權繼續維持美國人民與在台灣人民間之商業、文化及其他關係,以促進美國外交政策,並為其他目的。
  An Act
  To help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific and to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, and for other purposes.
  Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

第1條:簡稱


  本法律可稱為「臺灣關係法」

SECTION 1. Short Title


  This Act may be cited as the "Taiwan Relations Act".

第2條:政策的判定及聲明


  由於美國總統已終止美國和臺灣統治當局(在1979年1月1日前美國承認其為中華民國)間的政府關係,美國國會認為有必要制訂本法:
  有助於維持西太平洋地區的和平、安全及穩定;
  授權繼續維持美國人民及臺灣人民間的商務、文化及其他各種關係,以促進美國外交政策的推行。
  美國的政策如下:
  維持及促進美國人民與臺灣之人民間廣泛、密切及友好的商務、文化及其他各種關係;並且維持及促進美國人民與中國大陸人民及其他西太平洋地區人民間的同種關係;
  表明西太平洋地區的和平及安定符合美國的政治、安全及經濟利益,而且是國際關切的事務;
  表明美國決定和「中華人民共和國」建立外交關係之舉,是基於臺灣的前途將以和平方式決定這一期望;
  任何企圖以非和平方式來決定臺灣的前途之舉 -- 包括使用經濟抵制及禁運手段在內,將被視為對西太平洋地區和平及安定的威脅,而為美國所嚴重關切;
  提供防禦性武器給臺灣人民;
  維持美國的能力,以抵抗任何訴諸武力、或使用其他方式高壓手段,而危及臺灣人民安全及社會經濟制度的行動。
  本法律的任何條款不得違反美國對人權的關切,尤其是對於臺灣地區一千八百萬名居民人權的關切。玆此重申維護及促進所有臺灣人民的人權是美國的目標。

Section. 2. Findings and Declaration of Policy


  The President- having terminated governmental relations between the United States and the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized by the United States as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979, the Congress finds that the enactment of this Act is necessary~
  to help maintain peace, security, and stability in the Western Pacific; and
  to promote the foreign policy of the United States by authorizing the continuation of commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan.
  It is the policy of the United States~
  to preserve and promote extensive, close, and friendly commercial, cultural, and other relations between the people of the United States and the people on Taiwan, as well as the people on the China mainland and all other peoples of the Western Pacific area;
  to declare that peace and stability in the area are in the political, security, and economic interests of the United States, and are matters of international concern;
  to make clear that the United States decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China rests upon the expectation that the future of Taiwan will be determined by peaceful means;
  to consider any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts or embargoes, a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific area and of grave concern to the United States;
  to provide Taiwan with arms of a defensive character; and
  to maintain the capacity of the United States to resist any resort to force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or the social or economic system, of the people on Taiwan.
  Nothing contained in this Act shall contravene the interest of the United States in human rights, especially with respect to the human rights of all the approximately eighteen million inhabitants of Taiwan. The preservation and enhancement of the human rights of all the people on Taiwan are hereby reaffirmed as objectives of the United States.

第3條:美國對臺灣政策的實行


  為了推行本法第二條所明訂的政策,美國將使臺灣能夠獲得數量足以使其維持足夠的自衛能力的防衛物資及技術服務;
  美國總統和國會將依據他們對臺灣防衛需要的判斷,遵照法定程序,來決定提供上述防衛物資及服務的種類及數量。對臺灣防衛需要的判斷應包括美國軍事當局向總統及國會提供建議時的檢討報告。
  指示總統如遇臺灣人民的安全或社會經濟制度遭受威脅,因而危及美國利益時,應迅速通知國會。總統和國會將依憲法程序,決定美國應付上述危險所應採取的適當行動。

Section. 3. Implementation of United States Policy with Regard to Taiwan


  In furtherance of the policy set forth in section 2 of this Act, the United States will make available to Taiwan such defense articles and defense services in such quantity as may be necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability.
  The President and the Congress shall determine the nature and quantity of such defense articles and services based solely upon their judgment of the needs of Taiwan, in accordance with procedures established by law. Such determination of Taiwan's defense needs shall include review by United States military authorities in connection with recommendations to the President and the Congress.
  The President is directed to inform the Congress promptly of any threat to the security or the social or economic system of the people on Taiwan and any danger to the interests of the United States arising therefrom. The President and the Congress shall determine, in accordance with constitutional processes, appropriate action by the United States in response to any such danger.

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第4條:法律的適用和國際協定


  缺乏外交關係或承認將不影嚮美國法律對臺灣的適用,美國法律將繼續對臺灣適用,就像1979年1月1日之前,美國法律對臺灣適用的情形一樣。
  前項所訂美國法律之適用,包括下述情形,但不限於下述情形:
  當美國法律中提及外國、外國政府或類似實體、或與之有關之時,這些字樣應包括臺灣在內,而且這些法律應對臺灣適用;
  依據美國法律授權規定,美國與外國、外國政府或類似實體所進行或實施各項方案、交往或其他關係,美國總統或美國政府機構獲准,依據本法第六條規定,遵照美國法律同樣與臺灣人民進行或實施上述各項方案、交往或其他關係(包括和臺灣的商業機構締約,為美國提供服務)。
  美國對臺灣缺乏外交關係或承認,並不消除、剝奪、修改、拒絕或影響以前或此後臺灣依據美國法律所獲得的任何權利及義務(包括因契約、債務關係及財產權益而發生的權利及義務)。
  為了各項法律目的,包括在美國法院的訴訟在內,美國承認「中華人民共和國」之舉,不應影響臺灣統治當局在1978年12月31日之前取得或特有的有體財產或無體財產的所有權,或其他權利和利益,也不影響臺灣當局在該日之後所取得的財產。
  當適用美國法律需引據遵照臺灣現行或舊有法律,則臺灣人民所適用的法律應被引據遵照。
  不論本法律任何條款,或是美國總統給予「中華人民共和國」外交承認之舉、或是臺灣人民和美國之間沒有外交關係、美國對臺灣缺乏承認、以及此等相關情勢,均不得被美國政府各部門解釋為,依照1954年原子能法及1978年防止核子擴散法, 在行政或司法程序中決定事實及適用法律時,得以拒絕對臺灣的核子輸出申請,或是撤銷已核准的輸出許可證。
  至於移民及國籍法方面,應根據該法202項(b)款規定對待臺灣。
  臺灣依據美國法律在美國法院中起訴或應訴的能力,不應由於欠缺外交關係或承認,而被消除、剝奪、修改、拒絕或影響。
  美國法律中有關維持外交關係或承認的規定,不論明示或默示,均不應對臺灣適用。
  為了各種目的,包括在美國法院中的訴訟在內,國會同意美國和(美國在1979年1月1日前承認為中華民國的)臺灣當局所締結的一切條約和國際協定(包括多國公約),至1978年12月31日仍然有效者,將繼續維持效力,直至依法終止為止。
  本法律任何條款均不得被解釋為,美國贊成把臺灣排除或驅逐出任何國際金融機構或其他國際組織。

Section. 4. Application of Laws; International Agreements


  The absence of diplomatic relations or recognition shall not affect the application of the laws of the United States with respect to Taiwan, and the laws of the United States shall apply with respect to Taiwan in the manner that the laws of the United States applied with respect to Taiwan prior to January 1, 1979.
  The application of subsection (a) of this section shall include, but shall not be limited to, the following:
  Whenever the laws of the United States refer or relate to foreign countries, nations, states, governments, or similar entities, such terms shall include and such laws shall apply with such respect to Taiwan.
  Whenever authorized by or pursuant to the laws of the United States to conduct or carry out programs, transactions, or other relations with respect to foreign countries, nations, states, governments, or similar entities, the President or any agency of the United States Government is authorized to conduct and carry out, in accordance with section 6 of this Act, such programs, transactions, and other relations with respect to Taiwan (including, but not limited to, the performance of services for the United States through contracts with commercial entities on Taiwan), in accordance with the applicable laws of the United States.
  The absence of diplomatic relations and recognition with respect to Taiwan shall not abrogate, infringe, modify, deny, or otherwise affect in any way any rights or obligations (including but not limited to those involving contracts, debts, or property interests of any kind) under the laws of the United States heretofore or hereafter acquired by or with respect to Taiwan.
  For all purposes under the laws of the United States, including actions in any court in the United States, recognition of the People's Republic of China shall not affect in any way the ownership of or other rights or interests in properties, tangible and intangible, and other things of value, owned or held on or prior to December 31, 1978, or thereafter acquired or earned by the governing authorities on Taiwan.
  Whenever the application of the laws of the United States depends upon the law that is or was applicable on Taiwan or compliance therewith, the law applied by the people on Taiwan shall be considered the applicable law for that purpose.
  Nothing in this Act, nor the facts of the President's action in extending diplomatic recognition to the People's Republic of China, the absence of diplomatic relations between the people on Taiwan and the United States, or the lack of recognition by the United States, and attendant circumstances thereto, shall be construed in any administrative or judicial proceeding as a basis for any United States Government agency, commission, or department to make a finding of fact or determination of law, under the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, to deny an export license application or to revoke an existing export license for nuclear exports to Taiwan.
  For purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act, Taiwan may be treated in the manner specified in the first sentence of section 202(b) of that Act.
  The capacity of Taiwan to sue and be sued in courts in the United States, in accordance with the laws of the United States, shall not be abrogated, infringed, modified, denied, or otherwise affected in any way by the absence of diplomatic relations or recognition.
  No requirement, whether expressed or implied, under the laws of the United States with respect to maintenance of diplomatic relations or recognition shall be applicable with respect to Taiwan.
  For all purposes, including actions in any court in the United States, the Congress approves the continuation in force of all treaties and other international agreements, including multilateral conventions, entered into by the United States and the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized by the United States as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979, and in force between them on December 31, 1978, unless and until terminated in accordance with law.
  Nothing in this Act may be construed as a basis for supporting the exclusion or expulsion of Taiwan from continued membership in any international financial institution or any other international organization.

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第5條:美國海外私人投資保證公司


  當本法律生效後三年之內,1961年援外法案231項第2段第2款所訂國民平均所得一千美元限制。將不限制美國海外私人投資保證公司活動,其可決定是否對美國私人在臺投資計畫提供保險、再保險、貸款或保證。
  除了本條(A.)項另有規定外,美國海外私人投資保證公司在對美國私人在臺投資計畫提供保險、再保險、貸款或保證時,應適用對世界其他地區相同的標準。

Section. 5. Overseas Private Investment Corporation


  During the three-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act, the $1,000 per capita income restriction in insurance, clause (2) of the second undesignated paragraph of section 231 of the reinsurance, Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 shall not restrict the activities of the Overseas Private Investment Corporation in determining whether to provide any insurance, reinsurance, loans, or guaranties with respect to investment projects on Taiwan.
  Except as provided in subsection (a) of this section, in issuing insurance, reinsurance, loans, or guaranties with respect to investment projects on Taiwan, the Overseas Private Insurance Corporation shall apply the same criteria as those applicable in other parts of the world.

第6條:美國在台協會


  美國總統或美國政府各部門與臺灣人民進行實施的各項方案、交往或其他關係,應在總統指示的方式或範圍內,經由或透過下述機構來進行實施:
  美國在台協會,這是一個依據哥倫此亞特區法律而成立的一個非營利法人:
  總統所指示成立,繼承上述協會的非政府機構。(以下將簡稱「美國在台協會」為「該協會」。)
  美國總統或美國政府各部門依據法律授權或要求,與臺灣達成、進行或實施協定或交往安排時,此等協定或交往安排應依美國總統指示的方式或範圍,經由或透過該協會達成、進行或實施。
  該協會設立或執行業務所依據的哥倫比亞特區、各州或地方政治機構的法律、規章、命令,阻撓或妨礙該協會依據本法律執行業務時,此等法律、規章、命令的效力應次於本法律。

Section. 6. The American Institute of Taiwan


  Programs, transactions, and other relations conducted or carried out by the President or any agency of the United States Government with respect to Taiwan shall, in the manner and to the extent directed by the President, be conducted and carried out by or through~
  The American Institute in Taiwan, a nonprofit corporation incorporated under the laws of the District of Columbia, or
  such comparable successor nongovermental entity as the President may designate, (hereafter in this Act referred to as the "Institute").
  Whenever the President or any agency of the United States Government is authorized or required by or pursuant to the laws of the United States to enter into, perform, enforce, or have in force an agreement or transaction relative to Taiwan, such agreement or transaction shall be entered into, performed, and enforced, in the manner and to the extent directed by the President, by or through the Institute.
  To the extent that any law, rule, regulation, or ordinance of the District of Columbia, or of any State or political subdivision thereof in which the Institute is incorporated or doing business, impedes or otherwise interferes with the performance of the functions of the Institute pursuant to this Act; such law, rule, regulation, or ordinance shall be deemed to be preempted by this Act.

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第7條:該協會對在臺美國公民所提供的服務


  該協會得授權在臺雇員:
  執行美國法律所規定授權之公證人業務,以採錄證詞,並從事公證業務:
  擔任已故美國公民之遺產臨時保管人:
  根據美國總統指示,依照美國法律之規定,執行領事所獲授權執行之其他業務,以協助保護美國人民的利益。
  該協會雇員獲得授權執行之行為有效力,並在美國境內具有相同效力,如同其他人獲得授權執行此種行為一樣。

Section. 7. Services by the Institute to United States Citizens on Taiwan


  The Institute may authorize any of its employees on Taiwan~
  to administer to or take from any person an oath, affirmation, affidavit, or deposition, and to perform any notarial act which any notary public is required or authorized by law to perform within the United States;
  To act as provisional conservator of the personal estates of deceased United States citizens; and
  to assist and protect the interests of United States persons by performing other acts such as are authorized to be performed outside the United States for consular purposes by such laws of the United States as the President may specify.
  Acts performed by authorized employees of the Institute under this section shall be valid, and of like force and effect within the United States, as if performed by any other person authorized under the laws of the United States to perform such acts.

第8條:該協會的免稅地位


  該協會、該協會的財產及收入,均免受美國聯邦、各州或地方稅務當局目前或嗣後一切課稅。

SECTION. 8. Tax Exempt Status of the Institute


  The Institute, its property, and its income are exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed by the United States (except to the extent that section 11(a)(3) of this Act requires the imposition of taxes imposed under chapter 21 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, relating to the Federal Insurance Contributions Act) or by State or local taxing authority of the United States.
  For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, the Institute shall be treated as an organization described in sections 170(b)(1)(A), 170(c), 2055(a), 2106(a)(2)(A),, 2522(a), and 2522(b).

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第9條:對該協會提供財產及服務、以及從該協會獨得之財產及服務


  美國政府各部門可依總統所指定條件,出售、借貸或租賃財產(包括財產利益)給該協會,或提供行政和技術支援和服務,供該協會執行業務。此等機構提供上述服務之報酬,應列入各機構所獲預算之內。
  美國政府各部門得依總統指示的條件,獲得該協會的服務。當總統認為,為了實施本法律的宗旨有必要時,可由總統頒佈行政命令,使政府各部門獲得上述服務,而不顧上述部門通常獲得上述服務時,所應適用的法律。
  依本法律提供經費給該協會的美國政府各部門,應和該協會達成安排,讓美國政府主計長得查閱該協會的帳冊記錄,並有機會查核該協會經費動用情形。

Section. 9. FURNISHING PROPERTY AND SERVICES TO AND OBTAINING SERVICES FROM THE INSTITUTE


  Any agency of the United States Government is authorized to sell, loan, or lease property (including interests therein) to, and to perform administrative and technical support functions and services for the operations of, the Institute upon such terms and conditions as the President may direct. Reimbursements to agencies under this subsection shall be credited to the current applicable appropriation of the agency concerned.
  Any agency of the United States Government is authorized to acquire and accept services from the Institute upon such terms and conditions as the President may direct. Whenever the President determines it to be in furtherance of the purposes of this Act, the procurement of services by such agencies from the Institute may be effected without regard to such laws of the United States normally applicable to the acquisition of services by such agencies as the President may specify by Executive order.
  Any agency of the United States Government making funds available to the Institute in accordance with this Act shall make arrangements with the Institute for the Comptroller General of the United States to have access to the; books and records of the Institute and the opportunity to audit the operations of the Institute.

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第10條:臺灣機構


  美國總統或美國政府各機構依據美國法律授權或要求,向臺灣提供,或由臺灣接受任何服務、連絡、保證、承諾等事項,應在總統指定的方式及範圍內,向臺灣設立的機構提供上述事項,或由這一機構接受上述事項。此一機構乃總統確定依臺灣人民適用的法律而具有必需之權力者,可依據本法案代表臺灣提供保證及採取其他行動者。
  要求總統給予臺灣設立的機構相同數目的辨事處及規定的全體人數,這是指與1979年1月1日以前美國承認為中華民國的台灣當局在美國設立的辦事處及人員相同而言。
  根據臺灣給予美國在臺協會及其適當人員的特權及豁免權,總統已獲授權給予臺灣機構及其適當人員有效履行其功能所需的此種特權及豁免權(要視適當的情況及義務而定)。

Section. 10. Taiwan Instrumentality


  Whenever the President or any agency of the United States Government is authorized or required by or pursuant to the laws of the United States to render or provide to or to receive or accept from Taiwan, any performance, communication, assurance, undertaking, or other action, such action shall, in the manner and to the. extent directed by the President, be rendered or Provided to, or received or accepted from, an instrumentality established by Taiwan which the President determines has the necessary authority under the laws applied by the people on Taiwan to provide assurances and take other actions on behalf of Taiwan in accordance with this Act.
  The President is requested to extend to the instrumentality established by Taiwan the same number of offices and complement of personnel as were previously operated in the United States by the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979.
  Upon the granting by Taiwan of comparable privileges and immunities with respect to the Institute and its appropriate personnel, the President is authorized to extend with respect to the Taiwan instrumentality and its appropriate; personnel, such privileges and immunities (subject to appropriate conditions and obligations) as may be necessary for the effective performance of their functions.

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第11條:公務人員離職受雇於協會


  依據總統可能指示的條件及情況,任何美國政府機構可在一特定時間內,使接受服務於美國在臺協會的任何機構職員或雇員脫離政府職務。
  任何根據上述(1.)節情況離開該機構而服務於該協會的任何職員或雇員,有權在終止於協會的服務時,以適當的地位重新為原機構(或接替的機構)雇用或復職,該職員或雇員並保有如果末在總統指示的期間及其他情況下離職所應獲得的附帶權利、特權及福利。
  在上述(2.)項中有權重新被雇用或復職的職員或雇員,在繼續不斷為該協會服務期間,應可繼續參加未受雇於該協會之前所參加的任何福利計劃,其中包括因公殉職、負傷或患病的補償;衛生計劃及人壽保險;年度休假、病假、及其他例假計劃;美國法律下任何制度的退休安排。此種職員或雇員如果在為該協會服務期間,及重為原機構雇用或復職之前死亡或退休,應視為在公職上死亡或退休。
  任何美國政府機構的職員或雇員,在本法案生效前享准保留原職而停薪情況進入該協會者,在服務期間將獲受本條之下的各項福利。
  美國政府任何機構在臺灣雇用外國人員者,可將此種人員調往該協會,要自然增加其津貼、福利及權利,並不得中斷其服務,以免影響退休及其他福利,其中包括繼續參加調往該協會前,法律規定的退休制度。
  該協會的雇用人員不是美國政府的雇用的人員,其在代表該協會時,免於受美國法典第18條207項之約束。
  依據一九五四年美國國內稅法911及913項,該協會所付予雇用人員之薪水將不視為薪資所得。該協會雇用人員所獲之薪水應予免稅,其程度與美國政府的文職人員情況同。
  除了前述(A.)(3.)所述範圍,受雇該協會所作的服務,將不構成社會安全法第二條所述之受雇目的。

Section. 11. Separation of Government Personnel for Employment with the Institute


  Under such terms and conditions as the President may direct, any agency of the United States Government may separate from Government service for a specified period any officer or employee of that agency who accepts employment with the Institute.
  An officer or employee separated by an agency under paragraph (1) of this subsection for employment with the Institute shall be entitled upon termination of such employment to reemployment or reinstatement with such agency (or a successor agency) in an appropriate position with the attendant rights, privileges, and benefits with the officer or employee would have had or acquired had he or she not been so separated, subject to such time period and other conditions as the President may prescribe.
  An officer or employee entitled to reemployment or reinstatement rights under paragraph (2) of this subsection shall, while continuously employed by the Institute with no break in continuity of service, continue to participate in any benefit program in which such officer or employee was participating prior to employment by the Institute, including programs for compensation for job-related death, injury, or illness; programs for health and life insurance; programs for annual, sick, and other statutory leave; and programs for retirement under any system established by the laws of the United States; except that employment with the Institute shall be the basis for participation in such programs only to the extent that employee deductions and employer contributions, as required, in payment for such participation for the period of employment with the Institute, are currently deposited in the program's or system's fund or depository. Death or retirement of any such officer or employee during approved service with the Institute and prior to reemployment or reinstatement shall be considered a death in or retirement from Government service for purposes of any employee or survivor benefits acquired by reason of service with an agency of the United States Government.
  Any officer or employee of an agency of the United States Government who entered into service with the Institute on approved leave of absence without pay prior to the enactment of this Act shall receive the benefits of this section for the period of such service.
  Any agency of the United States Government employing alien personnel on Taiwan may transfer such personnel, with accrued allowances, benefits, and rights, to the Institute without a break in service for purposes of retirement and other benefits, including continued participation in any system established by the laws of the United States for the retirement of employees in which the alien was participating prior to the transfer to the Institute, except that employment with the Institute shall be creditable for retirement purposes only to the extent that employee deductions and employer contributions.. as required, in payment for such participation for the period of employment with the Institute, are currently deposited in the system' s fund or depository.
  Employees of the Institute shall not be employees of the United States and, in representing the Institute, shall be exempt from section 207 of title 18, United States Code.
  For purposes of sections 911 and 913 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, amounts paid by the Institute to its employees shall not be treated as earned income. Amounts received by employees of the Institute shall not be included in gross income, and shall be exempt from taxation, to the extent that they are equivalent to amounts received by civilian officers and employees of the Government of the United States as allowances and benefits which are exempt from taxation under section 912 of such Code.
  Except to the extent required by subsection (a)(3) of this section, service performed in the employ of the Institute shall not constitute employment for purposes of chapter 21 of such Code and title II of the Social Security Act.

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第12條:有關報告之規定


  國務卿應將該協會為其中一造的任何協定內容全文送交國會。但是,如果總統認為立即公開透露協定內容會危及美國的國家安全,則此種協定不應送交國會,而應在適當的保密命令下,送交參院及眾院的外交委員會,僅於總統發出適當通知時才得解除機密。
  為了(A.)段所述的目的,「協定」一詞包括
  該協會與臺灣的治理當局或臺灣設立之機構所達成的任何協定;
  該協會與美國各機構達成的任何協定。
  經由該協會所達成的協定及交易,應接受同樣的國會批准、審查、及認可,如同這些協定是經由美國各機構達成一樣,該協會是代表美國政府行事。
  在本法案生效之日起的兩年期間,國務卿應每六個月向眾院議長及參院外交委員會提出一份報告,描述及檢討與臺灣的經濟關係,尤其是對正常經濟關係的任何干預。

Section. 12. Reporting Requirement


  The Secretary of State shall transmit to the Congress the text of any agreement to which the Institute is a party. However, any such agreement the immediate public disclosure of which would, in the opinion of the President, be prejudicial to the national security of the United States shall not be so transmitted to the Congress but shall be transmitted to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives under an appropriate injunction of secrecy to be removed only upon due notice from the President.
  For purposes of subsection (a), the term "agreement" includes-
  any agreement entered into between the Institute and the governing authorities on Taiwan or the instrumentality established by Taiwan; and
  any agreement entered into between the Institute and an agency of the United States Government.
  Agreements and transactions made or to be made by or through the Institute shall be subject to the same congressional notification, review, and approval requirements and procedures as if such agreements and transactions were made by or through the agency of the United States Government on behalf of which the Institute is acting.
  During the two-year period beginning on the effective date of this Act, the Secretary of State shall transmit to the Speaker of the House and Senate House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of Foreign Relations the Senate, every six months, a report describing and reviewing economic relations between the United States and Taiwan, noting any interference with normal commercial relations.

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第13條:規則與章程


  授權總統規定適於執行本法案各項目的的規則與章程。在本法案生效之日起三年期間,此種規則與章程應立即送交眾院議長及參院外交委員會。然而,此種規則章程不得解除本法案所賦予該協會的責任。

SECTION. 13. RULES AND REGULATIONS


  The President is authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as he may deem appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act. During the three-year period beginning on the effective date speaker of this Act, such rules and regulations shall be transmitted promptly to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. Such action shall.not, however, relieve the Institute of the responsibilities placed upon it by this Act.'

第14條:國會監督


  眾院外交委員會,參院外交委員會及國會其他適當的委員會將監督:
  本法案各條款的執行;
  該協會的作業及程序;
  美國與臺灣繼續維持關係的法律及技術事項;
  有關東亞安全及合作的美國政策的執行。
  這些委員會將適當地向參院或眾院報告監督的結果。

Section. 14. Congressional Oversight


  The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, and other appropriate committees of the Congress shall monitor-
  the implementation of the provisions of this Act;
  the operation and procedures of the Institute;
  the legal and technical aspects of the continuing relationship between the United States and Taiwan; and
  the implementation of the policies of the United States concerning security and cooperation in East Asia.
  Such committees shall report, as appropriate, to their respective Houses on the results of their monitoring.

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第15條:定義


  為本法案的目的
  「美國法律」一詞,包括美國任何法規、規則、章程、法令、命令、美國及其政治分支機構的司法程序法;
  「臺灣」一詞將視情況需要,包括臺灣及澎湖列島,這些島上的人民、公司及根據適用於這些島嶼的法律而設立或組成的其他團體及機構,1979年1月1日以前美國承認為中華民國的臺灣治理當局,以及任何接替的治理當局(包括政治分支機構、機構等)。

Section. 15. For purposes of this Act- Definitions


  the term "laws of the United States" includes any statute, rule, regulation, ordinance, order, or judicial rule of decision of the United States or any political subdivision thereof; and
  the term "Taiwan" includes, as the context may require, the islands of Taiwan and the Pescadores, the people on those islands, corporations and other entities and associations created or organized under the laws applied on those islands, and the governing authorities on Taiwan recognized by the United States as the Republic of China prior to January 1, 1979, and any successor governing authorities (including political subdivisions, agencies, and instrumentalities thereof).

第16條:撥款之授權


  除了執行本法案各條款另外獲得的經費外,本法案授權國務卿在1980會計年度撥用執行本法案所需的經費。此等經費已獲授權保留運用,直到用盡為止。

Section. 16. Authorization of Appriations


  In addition to funds otherwise available to carry out the provisions of this Act, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of State for the fiscal year 1980 such funds as may be necessary to carry out such provisions. Such funds are authorized to remain available until expended.

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第17條:條款效力


  如果本法案的任何條款被視為無效,或條款對任何人或任何情況的適用性無效,則本法案的其他部份,以及此種條款適用於其他個人或情況的情形,並不受影響。

Section. 17. Severability of Provisions


  If any provision of this Act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the Act and the application of such provision to any other person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby.

第18條:生效日期


  本法案應於1979年1月1日生效。

Section. 18. Effective Date


  This Act shall be effective as of January 1, 1979. Approved April 10, 1979.


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